Ovulation is the process by which a woman’s ovary releases a mature egg into the fallopian tube for impregnation. A woman needs to know how to calculate the ovulation period to know when she should be having intercourse to either prevent or achieve pregnancy. When calculating, a woman must keep track of her cycle monthly to ensure accuracy. This can be done the old-fashioned way via a calendar or through the use of several different apps available online. The apps can calculate your ovulation day for you however; it is a good idea to know how to calculate it without an electronic device.
Here are the basics:
A woman’s average cycle lasts approximately 28 days.
The average period lasts from 3 to 5 days.
Ovulation occurs 12 to 16 days after your period begins.
See example below:
Calculating your ovulation can be used to either prevent pregnancy or cause conception. A woman should take into consideration her age if she plans on conceiving. The number and quality of a woman’s eggs declines dramatically as she ages. A baby girl is born with 7 million eggs in her body. In adolescence, this number declines to 400 thousand. Once a woman hits her twenties, and after 35, her eggs decline significantly. Additionally, getting pregnant after 35 increases the chances of birth defects and difficult pregnancies.
- Smoking does not affect your ability to ovulate. FALSE. Smoking CAN lead to fertility issues because each cigarette releases at least 7000 chemicals into your body. These chemicals CAN damage your reproductive system including your eggs. Not only can smoking hurt the woman, but also causes infertility issues with male smokers. Lastly, second-hand smoke is just as harmful to women as first-hand smoke. Breathing second-hand smoke is just as bad for the non-smoker as you are breathing those same 7000 chemicals the smoker is.
- The days following your menstruation are egg free. FALSE. Every woman’s cycle varies. Sometimes the period lasts longer than normal which can run into the ovulation window. Following your body temperature with a basal thermometer will help you to determine accurate conditions for ovulation.
- Caffeine effects ovulation. NOT PROVEN. There has not been actual documentation that excessive caffeine prevents conception and ovulation, however, it isn’t good for your overall health. There has been some information that indicates high caffeine intake does affect hormonal balance. To create the most positive environment for a baby, being healthy before pregnancy is ideal.
The best advice a woman can take regarding her body and pregnancy is to get healthy and stay healthy. The body is a delicate vessel that needs to be in good health to provide a safe and healthy place for a fetus to grow. The healthier you are before conception and during pregnancy, the healthier your baby will be.