What is ovulation? Ovulation is the release of a mature egg. The most fertile period for a woman is approximately four days before ovulation and ends within 24 hours of the release of the mature egg. A man’s sperm can live in a woman’s body for approximately five days, thus allowing for more than the 24 hour period of time of the release of the egg. To maximize the chances of getting pregnant there are a few things you can do to track ovulation.
One way to track ovulation is charting your basal body temperature. Your basal body temperature changes approximately .5 to 1.5 degrees during ovulation. You probably would never even notice a difference unless you were charting your basal body temperature with a basal thermometer. Your most fertile period is in the two or three days before your temperature hits its higher point. Meaning, there is no way to know for sure when you are ovulating, but charting your basal temperature over a few months can help you monitor your menstrual cycle and pinpoint when you ovulation will most likely take place. Always make sure to take your basal body temperature at the same time every morning before you do anything else.
There are also over the counter ovulation tests you can get. It is very similar to that of a pregnancy test in which you would urinate on a stick the same time every morning. Again, it works very similar to the basal body temperature, when there is a spike in the luteinizing hormone known as the “LH surge” your chances of pregnancy increase during that period of time. Again, doing this at the same time every morning before doing anything else is the best time to get a good reading.
Once you decide how you want to chart your ovulation, you need to decide how you will keep track of everything. There are some good ovulation charts out there, just Google them. Otherwise there are also applications for your smartphone that you can use to chart your ovulation. You could also simply just keep track on a paper calendar. It is important to keep track of when your periods starts and ends. Keeping track of your period and basal body temperature for several months will also be helpful for your healthcare provider if you are having trouble getting pregnant. There are also several ovulation calculators and calendars out there to help you if you need it.