What Is the Cause of Endometriosis?

So what is the cause of endometriosis? How does it work? Know the signs and symptoms early on so you can get treatment or figure out treatment for those you love.

Endometriosis is a medical condition which affects only woman during their childbearing years. It can cause pain and infertility. While there isn’t a cure for the condition, it is treatable. If you’ve been diagnosed with this condition, you might want to know what caused it. If you have a young daughter, you might also like to know if she’s likely to experience it and if you can prevent it.

Exact Causes Unknown

The condition causes tissue which is normally found inside the uterus to begin growing outside and around the organs in the lower stomach. When a woman isn’t pregnant, the tissue is released and flows outside the body as blood during the period. Tissue on the outside of the uterus can’t do this, so it becomes scar tissue.

Doctors don’t know what causes endometriosis for sure. They do have several theories which seem to increase the risk for women to develop this condition.

The Possible Causes of Endometriosis

One of the most likely causes for this condition is genetics. A woman with a mother or sister who has endometriosis is more likely to develop it.

Another possible cause is that cells in the stomach may turn into endometrial cells which then grow in places where they shouldn’t. These cells could have formed even before birth. The immune system may not cause these cells to leave the body the way they should.

There is also the possibility that the endometrial cells may be carried to other areas by blood or lymph fluid. It can happen during a surgery as well.

A woman who has an unusual shape to her uterus may find that she is at an increased risk for developing the condition. Heavy bleeding may also cause the cells to go into the stomach through the fallopian tubes. This is known as retrograde menstruation.


There is no way to prevent endometriosis because the causes are not known. One thing that doctors do know is that early diagnosis can prevent the condition from becoming worse and allow the woman to become pregnant and live without pain.

It’s important to take any indication of an unusual menstrual cycle or severe pain seriously and talk to your doctor. Endometriosis isn’t usually dangerous, but it can alter your life and affect your ability to get pregnant if not treated.